Small UWB Antennas for Communication and Radar Applications

 

Abstract

High data rate over short distances requires narrow pulses in the time domain, which is supported by UWB devices in the frequency domain. In the front end, antennas play a major part in affecting the system performance. Ideally, a transmitting/receiving UWB antenna pair is comprising a communication channel that should operate as a band-pass filter covering the UWB band with a flat magnitude response and a linear phase response with frequency. It requires a UWB antenna well matched, with the frequency independent phase center, and linearly increasing gain with frequency over the entire UWB band.

An omnidirectional UWB antenna is especially attractive to wireless communications at either base station or terminal side. For an omnidirectional UWB antenna, besides the aforementioned three requirements, its radiation performances over the UWB band should also be independent of the azimuth angle. A good impedance matching over the UWB band is not difficult, and many types of antennas can achieve that. The frequency independent phase center is achievable for most antennas except for those with multi-resonant structure spatially separated. But, after the first three requirements are met, a wideband omnidirectional radiation is still challenging for UWB antenna design. An omnidirectional UWB antenna with a non-planar conducting structure as well as DRA is presented for UWB access point.

Another recently addressed problem is the interference problem with the WLAN bands. , Band notches are introduced to the UWB antenna to prevent the interference problems due to the existence of nearby communication systems within the Ultra-wideband operating frequency design is increased. Two novel antennas are presented. One antenna is designed for one band-notch. The second antenna is designed for dual band-notches

Several UWB antennas with unidirectional patterns are presented for detection applications. Dielectric resonator antenna is designed to tremendously shrink the UWB antenna size to be used as a sensor for breast cancer detection and microwave imaging. Another 3D conducting self-grounded Bow-Tie sensor is presented and tested with thro-wall radar detection providing better performance as compared to other widely used antennas. These applications and others will be highlighted.

Biography

Ahmed A. Kishk received the BS degree in Electronic and Communication Engineering from Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt, in 1977, and BSc. in Applied Mathematics from Ain-Shams University, Cairo, Egypt, in 1980. In 1981, he joined the Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada, where he obtained his M. Eng. and Ph.D. degrees in 1983 and 1986, respectively. From 1977 to 1981, he was a research assistant and an instructor at the Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University. From 1981 to 1985, he was a research assistant at the Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Manitoba. From December 1985 to August 1986, he was a research associate fellow at the same department. In 1986, he joined the Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Mississippi, as an Assistant Professor. He was on sabbatical leave at Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden during the 1994-1995 and 2009-2010 academic years. He was a Professor at the University of Mississippi (1995-2011). He was the director of the Center for Applied Electromagnetic System Research (CAESR) during the period, 2010-2011. Currently, he is a Professor at Concordia University, Montréal, Québec, Canada (since 2011) as Trier 1 Canada Research Chair in Advanced Antenna Systems. He was an Associate Editor of Antennas & Propagation Magazine from 1990 to 1993. He is a distinguish lecturer for the Antennas and Propagation Society (2013-2015). He was an Editor of Antennas & Propagation Magazine   (1993-2014). He was a Co-editor of the special issue, “Advances in the Application of the Method of Moments to Electromagnetic Scattering Problems,” in the ACES Journal. He was also an editor of the ACES Journal during 1997. He was an Editor-in-Chief of the ACES Journal from 1998 to 2001. He was the chair of Physics and Engineering Division of the Mississippi Academy of Science (2001-2002). He was a Guest Editor of the special issue on artificial magnetic conductors, soft/hard surfaces, and other complex surfaces, in the IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, January 2005. He was a technical program committee member for several international conferences. He was a member of the AP AdCom (2013-2015). He is currently the President-Elect of the Antenna and Propagation Society.

            His research interest includes the areas of design of Dielectric resonator antennas, microstrip antennas, small antennas, microwave sensors, RFID antennas for readers and tags, Multi-function antennas, microwave circuits, EBG, artificial magnetic conductors, soft and hard surfaces, phased array antennas, and computer aided design for antennas; Design of millimeter frequency antennas; and Feeds for Parabolic reflectors. He has published over 280-refereed Journal articles and 450 conference papers. He is a coauthor of four books and several book chapters and the editor of three books. He offered several short courses in international conferences.

Dr. Kishk and his students received several awards. Dr. Kishk won the 1995 and 2006 outstanding paper awards for papers published in the Applied Computational Electromagnetic Society Journal. He received the 1997 Outstanding Engineering Educator Award from Memphis section of the IEEE. He received the Outstanding Engineering Faculty Member of the Year in 1998 and 2009, Faculty research award for outstanding performance in research in 2001 and 2005. He received the Award of Distinguished Technical Communication for the entry of IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, 2001. He also received The Valued Contribution Award for outstanding Invited Presentation, “EM Modeling of Surfaces with STOP or GO Characteristics – Artificial Magnetic Conductors and Soft and Hard Surfaces” from the Applied Computational Electromagnetic Society. He received the Microwave Theory and Techniques Society, Microwave Prize 2004. He received 2013 Chen-To Tai Distinguished Educator Award of the IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society. In recognition “For contributions and continuous improvements to teaching and research to prepare students for future careers in antennas and microwave circuits, Dr. Kiosk is a Fellow of IEEE since 1998, Fellow of Electromagnetic Academy, and a Fellow of the Applied Computational Electromagnetic Society (ACES). He is a member of Antennas and Propagation Society, Microwave Theory, and Techniques, Sigma Xi Society, U.S. National Committee of International Union of Radio Science (URSI) Commission B, Phi Kappa Phi Society, Electromagnetic Compatibility, and Applied Computational Electromagnetics Society.